Subject and Predicate are the two basic building blocks of any complete sentence; and a complete sentence is the first step in your child’s journey in Grammar!

Activity 1: Twinkle Trails Episode 13 — Subject and Predicate

On this episode of Twinkle Trails, Miss Twinkle and class go on board the Subject & Predicate train destined to Complete Sentences town!

Twinkle Trails Episode 13 — Subject and Predicate (Musical version)

Quick Recap:

A complete sentence has to be made of two parts: the subject and the predicate.

Subject: the person or the thing that the sentence is about

In this sentence: The brown fox jumps over the low fence.
‘Fox’ is the simple subject, and ‘brown fox’ is the complete subject.

Predicate: verb form that tells something about the subject

In this sentence: The brown fox jumps over the low fence.
‘Jumps’ is the simple predicate, and ‘jumps over the low fence’ is the complete predicate.

Mini Task:

Can you identify the subject and the predicate in the following sentence?
A very merry Ethan danced to upbeat music.

Simple Subject: Ethan
Complete Subject: A very merry Ethan
Simple Predicate: danced
Complete Predicate: danced to upbeat music

Additional Resource:

For a musical recap on Subject and Predicate, watch Mr. Morton’s tale below!

Mr. Morton finds love — along with an understanding of Subject and Predicate!

Activity 2: Story Time!

Travel with your little one off to a far away land — on the Subject and Predicate Train! Pick one of your child’s favourite books and get him to identify the subjects and predicates in the sentences.

It also helps to give your child highlighters so they can get down and colourful with their grammar homework. Research has shown a high correlation between the presence of colours in learning, level of attention and subsequent memory retention.

Here's an example of something you can try:

Green highlighter: Simple Subject
Yellow highlighter: Simple Predicate
Red underline: Complete Subject
Blue underline: Complete Predicate

Activity 3: Hands-On

When you’re done with the fairy tales and highlighting, allow your child to indulge in some computer time with this flash game!

Now that your child has learned to identify the subject and predicate in a sentence, it’s time for him to form proper sentences of his own! Invest in a Magnetic Poetry kit for your refrigerator or any magnetic surface in your classroom or home. Or if you’re in the mood for some classic DIY, why not create your own magnetic words with a simple tutorial?

Ask the children questions and have them form the answers in complete sentences using the magnets. Or simply leave the children to their own devices! You’d be surprised with the creativity they display.

Activity 4: For Advanced Learners

This one’s for the advanced grammarians in your children. Once they have mastered the basics forming a simple sentence, take it further a notch by teaching them to form simple sentences with compound subject and compound predicate.

Mini Lesson:

Compound Subject: presence of more than one subject in a sentence

Example: Lisa and Ann like to go dancing.
‘Lisa’ and ‘Ann’ are two subjects present within one sentence.

Compound Predicate: presence of more than one predicate in a sentence

Example: Dolphins are swimming and splashing around in the nearby beach.
‘Swimming’ and ‘splashing’ are two predicates (verb forms) present within one sentence, where they both share the helping verb ‘are’.

You can even have multiple subjects and predicates within the same sentence!

Example: Lisa, Ann, and Judy love swimming and cycling.
‘Lisa’, ‘Ann’, and ‘Judy’ are the subjects.
‘Swimming’ and ‘cycling’ are the predicates, where they both share the helping verb ‘love’.

Notice that when there are multiple subjects or predicates within one sentence, the subjects or predicates are joined by a connector — ‘and’.

If you think your student is ready to take on more advanced stuff, visit IELTSPodcast for a more comprehensive introduction to grammar:

Learn English Grammar - IELTS Podcast

Reiterate all that the children have learned with a couple of online quizzes. Here are a few of our favourites:

  1. Quia
  2. ProProfs Quiz Maker
  3. English Exercises
  4. Grammar Flip

Hope you learnt a thing or two about putting the FUN in fundamentals of English grammar!


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